Article 3.1 - Zoning Districts Established
.1 General Districts
The General Zoning Districts are established below in a hierarchy from “lowest” to “highest”. Reclassification of property to any general zoning district is considered under the procedures of Section 11.4. The requirements of each general district are established in Section 3.2.
|R|| Rural District|| Residential|
|TR|| Transitional Residential District || Residential|
|NR|| Neighborhood Residential District || Residential|
|GR|| General Residential District || Residential|
|TND-R|| Rural Traditional Neighborhood Development District|| Mixed Use|
|TND-U|| Urban Traditional Neighborhood Development District|| Mixed Use|
|TOD-R|| Transit-Oriented Development District-Residentially Led|| Mixed Use|
|NC|| Neighborhood Center District|| Mixed Use|
|TC|| Town Center District || Mixed Use|
|CI|| Campus Institutional District|| Mixed Use|
|TOD-E|| Transit-Oriented Development District-Employment Led|| Commercial|
|HC|| Highway Commercial District|| Commercial|
|CB|| Corporate Business District|| Commercial|
|VS|| Passenger Vehicle Sales District|| Commercial|
|SP|| Special Purpose District|| Commercial|
.2 Conditional Zoning Districts
Conditional zoning districts correspond to general districts. They provide for those situations where a particular use, properly planned, may be appropriate for a particular site, but where the general district has insufficient standards to mitigate the site-specific impact on surrounding areas. Uses that may be considered for a conditional zoning district are restricted to those uses permitted in the corresponding general zoning district. Conditional Zoning Districts are established on an individualized basis, at the request of all owners of the property to be included, according to the procedures of Section 11.4. Zoning of a conditional zoning district is not intended for securing early or speculative reclassification of property. It is expected that, in most cases, the standards of the General Districts appropriately regulate the site-specific impact of permitted uses and structures on surrounding areas.
| R(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Rural District|| Residential|
| TR(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Transitional Residential District || Residential|
| NR(CD) || Conditional Zoning Neighborhood Residential District || Residential|
| GR(CD)|| Conditional Zoning General Residential District || Residential|
| TND-R(CD) || Conditional Zoning Rural Traditional Neighborhood Development District|| Mixed Use|
| TND-U(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Urban Traditional Neighborhood Development District|| Mixed Use|
| TOD-R(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Transit-Oriented Development District-Residentially Led|| Mixed Use |
| NC(CD) || Conditional Zoning Neighborhood Center District|| Mixed Use|
| TC(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Town Center District || Mixed Use|
| CI(CD) || Conditional Zoning Campus Institutional District|| Mixed Use|
| TOD-E(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Transit-Oriented Development District-Employment Led|| Commercial|
| HC(CD) || Conditional Zoning Highway Commercial District|| Commercial|
| CB(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Corporate Business District|| Commercial|
| VS(CD) || Conditional Zoning Passenger Vehicle Sales District|| Commercial|
| SP(CD)|| Conditional Zoning Special Purpose District|| Commercial|
.3 Overlay District
An Overlay District is a zoning district that is applied only in conjunction with another zoning district. It may grant additional uses, restrict permitted uses, or impose development requirements that differ from those of the underlying district. The underlying district and the overlay district, taken together, will control development. The Overlay Districts are established below. The requirements of each Overlay District are set forth in Section 3.3.
| MH-O || Manufactured Home Overlay District||Residential|
| MIL-O || Mountain Island Lake Watershed Overlay District ||Environmental Protection |
| LN-O || Lake Norman Watershed Overlay District||Environmental Protection|
.4 Zoning District Boundary Interpretation
1. Where district boundaries are shown within a street or alley right-of-way, railroad or utility line right-of-way, recorded easement, or navigable or non-navigable waterway, such boundaries shall be construed to be in the center of the right-of-way, easement, or waterway.
2. Where district boundaries are so indicated that they approximately follow lot lines, or town, city, or county borders, such lines shall be construed to be said district boundaries, unless otherwise indicated.
3. Where district boundaries are so indicated that they are approximately parallel to the centerlines of streets, highways, or railroads, or rights-of-way of same, such district boundaries shall be construed as being parallel thereto and at such distance therefrom as indicated on the zoning map. If no distance is shown, such distance shall be determined by the use of the scale shown on the Official Zoning Maps.
4. Where a district boundary line divides a single lot, each part of the lot shall be used in conformity with the standards established by these regulations for the district in which that part is located.
5. Zoning district boundaries are automatically amended to remain consistent with the boundaries of the Zoning Maps incorporated herein by reference pursuant to Section 1.5. If, because of error or omission in the maps, any property within the jurisdiction of this ordinance is not shown as being in a zoning district, such property will be classified as TRANSITIONAL until changed by amendment.
6. When a zoning case file contains detailed, verifiable information regarding the boundary, that information will be used as the correct boundary location.
7. In instances where none of the above methods are sufficient to resolve the boundary location, the reasonable maintenance of a regular boundary will be used to establish the boundary location.