3.2.4 Neighborhood Residential District (NR)

Intent:  The Neighborhood Residential District provides for residential infill development around the Town Core, Activity Centers and Mixed-Use Centers and their logical extensions identified in adopted long-range plans. Streets in the Neighborhood Residential District must be interconnected, according to Article 5, Streets, and Urban Open Space provided according to Article 7.  A range of housing types is encouraged.  Low-intensity business activity is permitted in mixed-use and commercial buildings at a residential scale, according to locational criteria.   The intensity to which permitted uses may be built is regulated by the building type which corresponds to the use.


a) Permitted Uses

Uses permitted by right

  • bed and breakfast inns
  • boarding or rooming houses for up to four roomers
  • congregate housing designed within the “civic” building type
  • family care homes
  • multi-family homes
  • single-family homes

Uses permitted with conditions

  • cemeteries, (9.7)
  • religious institutions, (9.8)
  • commercial use in a mixed use building 1, located on an arterial or at the intersection of a local street and a larger capacity street
  • commercial use, in a detached house building type, located within 1/4 mile of a Town Center district and fronting a major or minor thoroughfare ( includes properties in which any portion falls within the 1/4 mile boundary) (9.51).
  • essential services 1 and 2, (9.14)
  • government buildings up to 5000 sq. ft. of gross floor area
  • neighborhood and outdoor recreation, (9.21)
  • parks, (9.29)
  • retirement communities (9.50)
  • schools, (9.35)
  • transit-oriented parking lots as a principal use, (9.49)
  • transit shelters, (9.39)

1 The mixed-use building duplicates the shopfront building type and has at least two occupiable stories; at least 50% of the habitable area of the building shall be in residential use, the remainder shall be in commercial use. However, when an existing residential building is redeveloped to a mixed-use, at least 40% of the habitable area shall be in residential use.

Uses permitted with Special Use Permit

  • wind energy facility, minor (accessory) (9.53)

b) Permitted Building and Lot Types

  • apartment
  • attached house
  • civic building
  • detached house
  • detached house (Commercial uses up to 4500 sq. ft.  of first-floor area).
  • mixed-use*, up to 3,000 sq. ft.  of first-floor area

c) Permitted Accessory Uses

  • accessory dwelling, (9.1)
  • daycare home (small), (9.11)
  • home occupation, (9.19)
  • marinas, (9.42)
  • solar energy facility, minor residential; located in the established rear or side yards or roof slopes or façade. (9.54)
  • solar energy facility, non-residential; located in the established rear or side yards or roof slopes, (9.54)
  • accessory uses permitted in all districts (8.11)

d) General Requirements

1) Along existing streets, new buildings shall respect the general spacing of structures, building mass and scale, and street frontage relationships of existing buildings.

  • New buildings which adhere to the scale, massing, volume, spacing, and setback of existing buildings along fronting streets exhibit demonstrable compatibility.
  • New buildings which exceed the scale and volume of existing buildings may demonstrate compatibility by varying the massing of buildings to reduce perceived scale and volume. The definition of massing in Article 12 illustrates the application of design techniques to reduce the visual perception of size and integrate larger buildings with pre-existing smaller buildings.
  • A single-family detached house established on a lot of one acre or more that is created according to the provisions of Article 8.1, paragraph 1, need not adhere to the spacing, massing, scale, and street frontage relationships of existing buildings along an existing street or road, but shall, at a minimum, observe a front setback of 40 feet and a lot width of 90 feet. This paragraph shall take precedence over the requirement of Article 4: Lot Types/Detached House for placement of a building on its lot.
  • Nothing in this subsection shall be interpreted to conflict with the building design element provision as found in N.C.G.S. 160D-702(b) for structures subject to the North Carolina Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings.

2) On new streets, allowable building and lot types will establish the development pattern.

3)  In major subdivisions, the aggregate number of dwelling units contained in attached houses, apartment buildings, and mixed-use buildings shall not exceed 30 percent of the total number of dwelling units in a project.

4) Every building lot shall have frontage upon a public street except as provided in Section 8.1.

5) The percentage of attached dwelling units contained in a retirement community is not limited when duplex style buildings are used.

6) See Section 8.16, Standards for Residential Lot Widths, Alleys, Garages and Parking in Residential Districts
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